Chitwan Park Issues

Reducing grasslands: Grasslands and water holes play an important role in preserving wildlife in a forest. However, in Chitwan National Park, the percentage of area covered by grasslands has reduced drastically over the years, as unwanted weed species infest the forest, and areas are also converted into shrublands and woody forests due to lack of grassland management plans. Grassland areas have decreased from 20% in the 1970s to a mere 5% in recent years.

Poaching and illegal wildlife trade: Chitwan is home to the one horned rhino and the Bengal tiger, two species on the top of the list of poachers for their body parts such as horns, skin, and bones. Despite commendable efforts by the management of the park, poaching still remains a major threat in these forests.

Uncontrolled tourism: Chitwan is one of the best known forests of Nepal, and owing to the easy sightings and scenic beauty of the forests, it is under tremendous wildlife tourism pressure. There is a need to control and manage tourism activities to maintain the balance of the ecosystems here.

Infrastructural developments: The aquatic life in these forests faces a serious threat from pollution of their ecosystems due to infrastructural developments on the banks of the river. Also, the Government of Nepal has proposed a new railway line, which threatens to cut across the heart of this National Park and put its wildlife in jeopardy.